The Turkana Basin is surrounded by magnificent biodiversity and ecological beauty that acts as a major source of livelihood for the surrounding communities. The indigenous communities around the Lake Turkana Basin, include: the Elmolo, Rendille, Samburu, Turkana, Dassanech, Ariaal, and Gabra. They primarily derive their livelihoods from the lake for pastoral, fishing, and farming activities. These communities have rich unexploited historic and cultural heritage as a result of complex social and economic interaction between them.
Unfortunately, reduced access to water resources has increasingly placed the local communities under intense pressure, leaving them constantly fighting for survival to keep themselves and their traditions alive. Being among the most marginalized groups in Kenya, the lake basin communities have virtually no control and voice of opinion over the impact of such developments on their lives.