Friends of Lake Turkana

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Friends of Lake Turkana is registered as a Community Trust and consists of a volunteer Executive Committee, which oversees the everyday functioning of the organization.

By Jaindi Kisero - Daily Nation

A company associated with a Cabinet minister sold the block, where oil was found in Turkana, for a fortune.

In 2010, Turkana Drilling Company, associated with the Cabinet minister who was affected in Monday’s reshuffle, sold Block 10BB for $10 million (Sh840 million) to Africa Oil.

Turkana Drilling’s case is just an example of how small firms might be using influence in government to make hundreds of millions of shillings by trading in oil prospecting licences.

The whole business of acquiring blocks has been invaded by influence peddlers and well-connected middlemen, including Cabinet ministers. Watch the video below and go to Daily Nation website to Read More



World Commission on Dams.

The WCD's final report describes an innovative framework for planning water and energy projects that is intended to protect dam-affected people and the environment, and ensure that the benefits from dams are more equitably distributed. The Citizen's Guide to the WCD summarizes key findings and describes how community groups can use the report to improve water and energy planning.

Click Here To Download Full WCD report PDF

Click Here To Download the Citizens Guide to WCD PDF

Workshop Reports

Integrating Environmental and Natural Resource Governance, Land and Socio-Cultural Rights – FoLT.

Discussions on oil, extractives, environmental governance and land rights and considerations of the various dynamics and impacts on opportunities and experiences.

Click Here To Download PDF

About Gibe Projects

Gibe III Fact sheet – International Rivers.
EPPCO Project Summary 

Click Here To Download PDF

Impact Studies and Commentaries

Assessing the potential hydrological impact of the Gibe III Dam on Lake Turkana water level using multi-source satellite data.
An evaluation the impact of the Gibe III dam using three different approaches – a historical approach, a rainfall based approach, and a statistical approach to generate rainfall-runoff scenarios.

Click here to Download PDF

Downstream Impacts of Gibe Dam Cascade.

Why the dam threatens to destroy the livelihoods of the downstream population, concerns about the measures currently proposed to obviate this threat, and the global context of the impact on local people of large-scale infra-structural development projects.

Click here to Download PDF

Impacts of Gilgel Gibe III dam in the Turkana region
A report for a research project undertaken by Friends of Lake Turkana (FoLT) on behalf of Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale (CRBM) Lodwar 2009

Click Here To Download The Paper

The Gilgel Gibe Affair: An analysis of the Gilbel Gibe hydroelectric projects in Ethiopia
Campagna per la Riforma per la Banca Mondiale (CRBM) and CEE Bankwatch Network.

Click Here To Download The Paper

The Gilgel Gibe II hyrdoelectrocal pojects
A case of super-tied aid

Click Here To Download The Paper

A Commentary on the Environmental, Socioeconomic and Human Rights Impacts
of the Proposed Gibe III Dam in the Lower Omo River Basin of Ethiopia (2009)

Click Here To Download PDF

The Gilgel Gibe Affair:
how states and corporations do business using international public money

Click Here To Download PDF

Hydrological Impacts of Ethiopia's Omo Basin on Kenya's Lake Turkana Water Levels & Fisheries

This report was undertaken for the African Development Bank, and presents a thoroughly
researched review of all the data previously published in connection with Lake Turkana’s
hydrology and fisheries.

Click Here To Download PDF

Environmental and Social Management Plan – EPPCO

Click Here To Download PDF

Lake Turkana and Lower Omo Hydrological Impacts - Executive Summary - October 2012
A report undertaken for the African Studies Centre of the University of Oxford
Click Here To Download The Paper .

Volume 1 of the African Studies hydrological impacts report
Click Here To Download The Paper .

Volume 2 of the African Studies hydrological impacts report
Click Here To Download The Paper .

Civil Society Action

Complaint letter to the African Development Bank by Friends of Lake Turkana.

Click Here To Download PDF

Complaint letter to the African Development Bank from International Civil Society Organizations.

Click Here To Download PDF

Kenya Parliament Motions

Thursday, 4th December, 2008;
Tuesday, 9th December, 2008;
Thursday, 11th December, 2008


Click Here To Download Motion I


Click Here To Download Motion II


Click Here To Download Motion III


Current Initiatives

Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) - For Indigenous Peoples, the Right of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) is a requirement, prerequisite and manifestation of the exercise of their fundamental right to Self-determination as defined in international law. Free, Prior and Informed Consent is a fundamental underpinning of Indigenous Peoples’ ability to conclude and implement valid Treaties and Agreements with other parties, to exert sovereignty over their lands and natural resources, to develop and participate in processes that redress and correct violations, to accept any results that emerge from these processes, and to establish the terms and criteria for negotiations with States over any and all matters affecting them.

Citizens guide to World Commission on Dams (WCD) - This Citizens’ Guide to the World Commission on Dams is intended as a tool for people in their struggles for social justice and environmental protection. You can download the WCD Final Report and the Citizens Guide to WCD in our documents page.

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) - The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the General Assembly on Thursday September 13, 2007. The Declaration is the most comprehensive statement of the rights of indigenous peoples ever developed, giving prominence to collective rights to a degree unprecedented in international human rights law. The adoption of this instrument is the clearest indication yet that the international community is committing itself to the protection of the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples.

The New Constitution of Kenya – The New Constitution in Kenya brings about decentralization and improved checks and balances which will in turn have a profound impact on Kenyan life by bringing government closer to the people, involving citizens (including women) more actively in decision-making, and enhancing transparency and accountability across all parts of government. However, there is a need for the citizens to understand the constitution thus an effort to translate the document to community languages to better their understanding of the constitution and their rights as well as a clear understanding of the framework of their participation in natural resource management.

Ongoing Programmes

Gibe III Campaign:

FoLT is currently undertaking a campaign to highlight to the Kenyan public, legislators, diplomatic missions, donor agencies, development partners and the world at large the possible dangers posed on the lake and its eco-system due to the Gibe III hydroelectric project, which has been deemed threatening to the biodiversity, livelihood, development, and national security in Northern Kenya by the Africa Resources Working Group (ARWG). To learn about the  Environmental and Social Impacts of the Proposed Gibe III Hydroelectric Project in Ethiopia’s Lower Omo River Basin, Click Here.

Participatory Intergrated Conservation and Management of the Lake Turkana Basin

Funded by German and French Embassy - To establish cooperation among the local community, government agencies and non-governmental organizations, and the network of other communities in the Lake Turkana basin in pursuing biodiversity conservation and sustainable natural resource use and management. It would also raise the awareness of the local community about the importance of natural resource and environment conservation.

Resource governance

Governance is the key stone on sound natural resource management. its core principles- accountability; transparency, participation and rule of law should be at the heart at local, national, bi-lateral and multi-lateral levels to ensure decisions that affect natural resources and resource users are well informed and implemented equitably.

Oil Governance

With the recent discovery of oil in Turkana County, FoLT remains vigilant as part of our Resource Governance focus. International experience points to challenges which are often faced by resource-rich developing countries in translating mineral wealth into peace and prosperity. Friends of Lake Turkana has taken the mentle of educating the citizens of the oil exploration areas in order for them to take action and dispell the 'resource curse' of violent conflicts, environmental destruction, corruption, untold human hardship, displacements and a devastated future for entire communities. FoLT will also advocate for equitable distribution of oil wealth between the central government and Turkana County.

Read our perspective on oil in Kenya here...

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